History Review - History review 12-21 Chapter 12...

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History review 12-21 Chapter 12 Caesaropapism – Policy where the emperor not only ruled as a secular lord, but also played an active and prominent role in ecclesiastical affairs Hagia Sopkia – Magnificent church rebuilt by Justianian, later became a mosque/museum, one of the world’s most important examples of Christian architecture. Justininians long lasting political achievement – his codification of Roman law: Corpus iuris civilis (body of the civil law) Charlemagne’s imperial crowning – 800CE, received form pope in Rome, directly challenging Byzantine claims to imperial authority over W. Land Language of Constantinople – Latin Church Schism of 1054 over What? East and West Churches each believed their churches weren’t Christian Eastern Church – Eastern Orthodox Western Church – Roman Catholic Church Constantinople fell when and to whom? 1453, Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople and absorbed its territories into their own realm Chapter 13 Hijra vs. Hajj – Hajj: (Migration) Muhammad’s move to Medina serves as the starting point of the official Islamic Calendar. Hajj : In honor of Muhammad’s visits to Mecca in 629 and 632, those who are physically and financially able must undertake the Hajj and make one pilgrimage to Mecca Islamic holy book – Quran
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Islamic holy law – Sharia – was a detailed guidance on proper behavior Umayyad and Abbasid Dynasties differences – Abbasid state was for more cosmopolitan, Umayyad was the conquerors; Abbasid was the administrators Overthrew the Abbasid’s in 1258 – Mongols Most important New crop in the Islamic world – Cotton Chapter 14 Song Tazu actions which weakened them
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