Chapter_3_Question___Notes - Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies 1 Who were the Puritans and why were they unpopular with the British government

Chapter_3_Question___Notes - Chapter 3 Settling the...

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Chapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies 1.Who were the Puritans and why were they unpopular with the British government? After the Reformation began England became the first nation to officially separate from the Catholic Church John Calvin began preaching his doctrines of Calvinism which said that God is al knowing and powerful Because God knew everything he knew everyone’s future actions and feelings. This meant that God already knew who would be saved and who would be condemned to hell. The people who were saved were supposed to act as visible saints Puritans were Calvinists who felt that the de-Catholicization was proceeding too slowly Because all of the English subjects were automatically in the Church of England, the puritans had to sit in church with people that they thought were damned In response the broke away form the church and were persecuted by King James II for defying his religious authority 2.Who were the Pilgrims? Pilgrims were the most famous group of separatists. They were forced to flee England and move to Holland After a dozen years of living with the Dutch, the pilgrims wanted to leave because they felt the children were becoming too Dutch They worked out an agreement with Virginia company to settle with them They got lost and ended up off the coast of New England Before the disembarked they made the Mayflower compactto set up the Plymouth colony Only 44 survived the first year. After getting help from the Indians, they had the first and last thanksgiving Eventually they settled and started successful fishing businesses

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