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Philosophy review - Philosophy review Philosophy its method...

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Philosophy review Philosophy: its method, subject matter & central aim Philosophy studies some general, fundamental questions about the nature of the world and our place in it 3 main branches o metaphysics - studies what sorts of things in general exist, and what sort of world this is (god, free-will vs. determinism, body and soul, ship of theseus) o epistemology - studies the nature of knowledge-what it is and how do we know what we know? o ethics - studies evaluative questions- what is good/bad, what should one do in general Confirmation bias - this is a common psychological phenomenon. People are biased towards confirmatory evidence… when considering a theory, o They look for postitive o They think about arguments for and not against o They remember evidence supporting their beliefs Instrumental rationality- consists in choosing the correct means for pursuing your existing goals, whatever they are.
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