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Phonics and Decoding Summary PagePhonics is recognizing the relationships between phonemes and graphemes . Decoding is converting a word from print to speech. Phonics and decoding develops around kindergarten through first grade. Those at risk are student who cannot hear sounds. There two types of phonicsinstruction are explicitandsystematic phonics. Explicit phonics instruction is clearly defining, modeling, and explaining concepts without any ambiguity. Systematic phonics is teaching the sound and spelling relationship in and organized and logical sequence. Within phonics and decoding the students will learn sight words. Sight wordsare words that are seen at high frequency and are to be memorized by sight not through decoding. The language experience approachis promoting phonics and decoding through personal experience, writing, listening, speaking, and reading. The first step in the hill of phonics is the alphabetical principle. The Alphabetic principle is recognizing that letter and sounds work together to form words. This is