review for exam 2

review for exam 2 - Laws and norms Formal and informant...

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REVIEW FOR EXAM#2 Classificatory kin vs. descriptive kin Classificatory term represents one of many types of relationships (cousin, uncle, brother-in law) Descriptive term can represent only one type of relationship between two people (mother, father)
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Affinity: Relationship by marriage ties Consanguinity: Relationship by blood (i.e., presumed biological) ties. A consanguine is a relative by birth (i.e., a "blood" relative), as distinguished from in-laws ("affines") and steprelatives
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Agnatic system—patrilineal descent Uterine system—matrilineal descent Patrilocal Matrilocal Monogamy Polygamy (polygyny and polyandry)
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Avoidance relationships (a pattern of complete avoidance of speech and physical contact between certain relatives like son-in-law and mother-in-law)
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Laws and constraints
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Unformatted text preview: Laws and norms Formal and informant constraints Organized and diffuse sanctions Positive and negative sanctions Religious and ritual sanctions Controlled violence, sanctioned violence as means of settling dispute Economics Hunter-gatherers, pastoralists, agriculturalists Nomadic Transhumant Different relationships to the land Larger societies more complex division of labor emergence of market economies Globalization Pros Cons Factors that enable globalization Glocalization Impact on indigenous cultures Mission and reality of National Geographic How indigenous people are portrayed What kind of fantasies do Western readers and viewers project onto them Nature/culture...
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review for exam 2 - Laws and norms Formal and informant...

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