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Unformatted text preview: List of Terms for 1st part of section: models of media systems: o liberal model: state intervention is relatively limited, strong form of journalistic professionalism, relatively low degree of political parallelism. o polarized pluralist: state generally plays an interventionist role, political parallelism is high, professionalism not as deeply rooted. o democratic corporatist: combines principles of press freedom w/state intervention, commercial media and party presses coexist, combines political professionalism with high degree of journalistic professionalism. the objectivity norm: the public sphere: space where political opinion/decisions take place, due to the free flow of information and ideas. Outside control of government, but also outside of private (e.g. household) sphere the policy sphere: subset of the public sphere where ideas and feelings explicitly connect with government officials, parties, or candidates for office who may decide the outcomes of issues and conflicts facing society 1st Amendment: First Amendment primarily written to guarantee state rights. Congress shall not make laws. 1798 Alien and Sedition Act: 1798 Alien and Sedition Act: newspapers could not critique the government. Repealed under Jefferson. penny press: Between 1833 and 1835: development of the penny press. (first commercial newspapers) beginning of objectivity norm, publishers wanted to make as much money as possible. Mugwump Reformers: Mugwump Reformers- advocated politics based on education and knowledge rather then patronage. This was a way to keep immigrants out of voting process. Muckrakers Summary lead: first part of an article that summarizes what the rest of the article is about. public journalism: brought along by the internet where almost anyone can be a journalist; many great things about it and also some negative sides to it....
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- Spring '08