10 notes - 4/8 Review: colonial era US was more democratic...

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Review: colonial era - US was more democratic then many European countries, but politics still stressed consensus and deference to hierarchy - Government mostly stayed out of people’s lives - Political information mostly spread by oral communication and drama. Review: Rev. Era - political info still primarily spread by oral tradition, but newspaper and pamphlets starting to play larger political role - founding fathers had mixed feelings about freedom of press. 1st amendment more about states rights then free speech - politics still stressed deference and consensus, although suffrage extended to all tax payers Review: civil war era - print press is dominant form of political communication - penny press rises - political life focused on strong parties. Voters rewarded for their vote choice. - Loyal voters were rewarded with jobs and money from parties. Review: early 20 th century - mugwump reformers : voting should be a private choice based on info - increasing clashes between journalists interested in social reform ( muckrakers ) and big business interests- leads to the rise of propaganda - Journalists becoming increasingly professionalized- no longer on the payrolls of politicians or parties. - Parties decline; voters forced to rely on political knowledge for voting. Turnout declines drastically. - Radio addresses brings president in direct contact with the public. - Radio act of 1927 and creation of FCC in 1934 paves way for state regulation of the media. Debate on Democratic Citizenship - Walter Lippman : Democratic citizens’ understand world through stereotypes; need a democracy where experts guide opinion. - Woodrow Wilson/ Jurgen Habermas : Citizens that just read the paper and respond are not participating in public opinion; must be deliberative. - George Gallup : “Democracy requires merely that the sum total of individual views add up to something that make sense.” The Rise of Film - 1920s: Film becomes more sophisticated and accessible. -
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10 notes - 4/8 Review: colonial era US was more democratic...

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