Changes of Adolescence
Steinberg, Introduction, pp. 3-20:
How do different perspectives influence how we define the beginning and ending of adolescence?
Many different perspectives: biological, emotional, cognitive, social, cultural, etc.
Using different perspectives what are some boundaries for the beginning and end of adolescence?
When are early, middle and late
Biological: adolescence begins at the onset of puberty, ends when one is capable of sexual reproduction. Emotional: beings at the beginning of
detachment from parents, ends at the attainment of separate sense of identity (p.6)
Early adolescence: ages 10-13
Middle adolescence: ages 14-17
Late adolescence: ages 18-21
What is emerging adulthood?
Emerging adulthood is the transition period from adolescence to adulthood (ages 18-25)
What are the components of John Hill’s framework for studying adolescence?
fundamental changes: social transitions, biological transitions, cognitive transitions
Name and describe the 4 levels in Bronfenbrenner’s ecological perspective on development?
Explain G. Stanley Hall’s view of adolescence.
micro-systems: immediate settings
meso-systems: systems of relations between immediate settings
exo-systems: settings that have indirect effects
macro-systems: broader context of culture and historical time
Stanley Hall: storm and stress (turmoil due to biological factors in adolescence)
How do psychoanalytic theorists, such as Sigmund and Anna Freud, view adolescence?
It is based on hormones, sex drives, latency, childhood experiences
Explain whether learning theories, sociological theories, and historical and anthropological theories stress genetic or environmental
components of adolescent development.
All stress environment components
Explain how inventionists view adolescence.
Inventionists think adolescence was created by society for societal and political reasons. (keep young people in school so adults would have jobs,
better prepare young people for better jobs)
Explain Margaret Mead’s view of adolescence.
Sociocultural view: depends on how different cultures view it and provide transitions
How do current researchers view the storm and stress theory of adolescent development?
There is a modified storm and stress theory that says it is not all biological but is environmental as well. three areas that there is more turmoil
include parental conflict, moodiness, and risky behavior.
Steinberg, chap 3, pp. 93-125:
What is the age of majority?
Age of majority is the legal accepted age of adult status
When do inventionists believe that the concept of adolescence began and for what reasons?
In the industrialization period so that young people would be in school so more jobs would be available for adults and so that young people would
be better prepared for jobs after schooling
What is the concept of emerging adulthood and is it universal?
Concept of emerging adulthood is the transition period from adolescence to adulthood. It is not universal