Food Insecurity and the Food Assistance Programs
Define high food security, marginal food security, low food security and very low food security.
Explain the relevance of food security to dietitians, nutritionists and public health.
Identify causes of hunger in the U.S.
Identify populations that are particularly at risk for food insecurity.
List federal food and nutrition assistance and nutrition education-related programs , their purpose and type of
For the following assistance programs, recognize eligibility requirements: Food Stamps, WIC, National School
Lunch Program , School Breakfast Program (same as NSLP eligibility), Summer Food Service Program, Special
Milk Program, Elderly Nutrition Program and Child and Adult Care Food Program.
Define entitlement program.
Recognize the following programs as entitlement programs: Food Stamps, National School Lunch and Breakfast
Programs, Social Security, Medicare, veterans’ benefits, agricultural subsidies. WIC is not an entitlement program.
People in developing countries and less-privileged parts of developed countries suffer the problems of
chronic debilitating hunger and malnutrition.
The phenomenon of hunger is discussed in terms of food security, food insecurity, or food insecurity with
or without hunger.
The concept of food security includes five components:
Counting the Hungry in the United States
In 2003, 12.5 percent of people in the U.S. lived in poverty.
The official poverty line defines eligibility for most federal assistance programs.
Since 1995 USDA has monitored food security through an annual survey. Based on the responses,
households are categorized as:
, those with no or minimal evidence of food security.
Food insecure without hunger
, those experiencing uncertain access to sufficient food, concerned about
inadequate resources to buy enough food, and who couldn’t afford to eat balanced meals.
Food insecure with hunger
, those households in which the adults have decreased the quantity as well
as the quality of food they consume due to lack of money to the point where they show clear evidence
of repeated of pattern of hunger.
Community Nutrition in Action
4e, by Melanie Burns of Eastern Illinois University