W_3_Global_StructuresBlackboard

W_3_Global_StructuresBlackboard - City Structures and Forms...

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1 City Structures and Forms 1. Monday: Porus Olpadwala on political economy and the urban built environment 2. Forces shaping cities since the 1960s and 1970s A. Technologies B. Economic globalization, privatization, realignment of empires/agreements C. Natural environment damage D. Social changes E. Critiques of experts F. Cultural issues—Americanization, diversification, spectacle 3. Urban structure—comparative city size, uses of land, transportation 1814: Ferries in New York 1820s: Horse drawn carts on fixed routes (France and US) 1830s: Commuter railroads; telegraphs (Britain and US inventors; tended to go to urban edge….) 1870s: Telephones (US) 1880s/1890s: Electricity is commercialized—transportation, lighting 1882: Cable car San Francisco 1888: Electric Trolley Car Richmond Virginia, soon Germany 1892: Elevated railway started in Chicago 1900: Approx 4,000 cars produced in U.S. annually 1908: Model T Ford (first mass-produced, low-cost car 1927: One car per every 5 Americans (Hall 275) 1930s: Autobahnen invented 1956: Interstate Highway Act, 40,000+ miles, through cities Hal Cities in History, 379ff. A. Technologies Last Week Key Transportation Changes A.Technologies Information Technology Innovations were Later 1870s: Telephones (US) 1880s/1890s: Electricity is commercialized—transportation, lighting 1940s early (big, power-hungry) computers 1947 Transistor (Bell Labs) 1954 Silicon Chip (Texas Instruments) 1969 ARPAnet Early 1970s fiber optics (Corning) 1971 Microprocessor (Intel, Ted Hoff) 1973 Gene cloned (UCSF) 1974 TCP/IP protocol 1975 Microcomputer (Altair, Ed Roberts, Albuquerque) 1976 First commercially successful computer company (Apple) 1977 Microsoft founded 1981 Personal computer (IBM) 1984 Computer uses icons (Apple Macintosh, Xerox research)
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course CRP 1101 taught by Professor Kudva during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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W_3_Global_StructuresBlackboard - City Structures and Forms...

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