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polproc-final guide 21-30

polproc-final guide 21-30 - What are the most important...

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What are the most important sources of our political attitudes? There are many different sources of political attitudes for different people. Some people believe only what their parents believe, others get all of their information from the news, and some from advertisements and debates. What are some of the most important reasons why people vote as they do? The most important reason that people vote the way they do is based on how they feel about a candidates platform and policies, but often people vote based on the candidates’ party, race, religion, personality, etc. Differentiate the winner-takes-all single-member district system from the proportional representation system. Electoral system means winner takes all, and most American electoral districts are single- member districts, which means that they vote for one representative or official. (making it very hard for minor parties to win). In a proportional representation system, each party running receives a portion of legislative seats based on their corresponding proportion of the vote (easier for minor party candidates to win a seat). How does the Electoral College operate? Do you think it should be retained? Weigh the arguments. Discuss this in regard to the relevant article in Annual Editions and arguments in your textbook. The Electoral College is a system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for a particular party’s candidate. Claims against the current system include that it is dated, because the founders only created it because they did not have faith in the political knowledge of the country at the time, and because on more than one occasion, it has failed to elect the winner of the popular vote. What are some similarities and differences in running for the House and Senate? Some similarities between running for senate and the house are that they both often run for “safe seats” because they have districts that are predominantly one party. Also, they use the coattail effect, and accept endorsements from politicians with higher power. They are different because congressmen can differentiate themselves from the national tide, while Senate members are more affected by national issues. Also, running for the senate is generally more high profile because each term is 6 years. What are the stages in running for president? What are some different types of primaries ? What are some major reforms that have been suggested in the nominating process ? The stages in the nominating process for a presidential candidate are winning the nomination through a series of primaries and caucuses, naming a running mate and a platform at the national party convention, and participating in debates and producing advertisements to win the general election.
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