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Essay One anti-urbanism_Essay

Essay One anti-urbanism_Essay - Chicago School of Urban...

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Chicago School of Urban Sociology: The Anti-Urban Approach The Promise and Pitfalls of Contemporary Urban Planning Professor Arturo Ignacio Sanchez 10/26/2008
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CRP 200 26 October 2008 Essay #1 Chicago School of Urban Sociology: Anti-Urban Approach The Chicago School of Urban Sociology was a major influence on the anti-urbanism movement primarily between the First World War to the end of the Great Depression. During this period the American population began to shift from the rural, agrarian community to the industrial metropolis. In the midst of this urbanization, there was a clear need for a paradigm shift in sociology. Although the Chicago School of Urban Sociology had a profound effect on the ideology of urban planning, it was in reality an incomplete understanding of the metropolis. Therefore, it is necessary to comprehend the prior underlying anti-urbanism influences, the central themes of the Chicago’s classical anti-urban approach, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of this approach. The fundamental assumption of the anti-urban bias approach is that urbanization causes urban problems which cannot be avoided. City-planning critic, Lewis Mumford once “warned of the ‘sprawling gianticism’ of the metropolis and counseled a return to settlements of more modest dimensions” (Angotti, 147). Advocates of the anti-urban movement believed that cities were too densely populated, too diverse, too large, and too separated from nature. Consequently cities were harboring violence, crime, and every other form of social abnormalities. Seemingly, the only solutions were to bring the country to the inner city or avoid the metropolis altogether.
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