COMM_201_Collaborative_StudyGuide - COMM 201 Study Guide...

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COMM 201 Study Guide Chapter 2 1) Definition of Ethics a) Ethics – standards used to discriminate between right and wrong, good and bad, in thought and action b) Sense of ethics guides choices we make in all aspects of professional and private lives 2) Principle of Ethics a) First – ALL parties in communication process have ethical responsibilities i) Both speakers and listeners ii) Wrong to manipulate people by keeping true motives hidden from them b) Second – ethical speakers and listeners possess attitudes and standards that pervade their character and guide their actions before, during, and after their speaking and listening c) Not something applied to one speech d) Working philosophy applied to daily life and bring to all speaking situations 3) Ethical Speaking a) Speak up about topics you consider important i) Ethical public speakers make careful decisions about whether or not to speak ii) Examples: MLK, Thomas Jefferson, Susan B. Anthony b) Choose topics that promote positive ethical values i) Choice should reflect what you think is important for audience c) Speak to benefit your listeners i) Not to merely benefit yourself d) Use truthful supporting material and valid reasoning i) Try to use most recent information available e) Consider consequences of your words and actions i) Have respect for power of language and process of communication f) Strive to improve your public speaking 4) Ethical Listening a) Seek Exposure to Well-Informed Speakers i) Expand knowledge, increase understanding, introduce new ideas, challenge beliefs b) Avoid Prejudging Speakers or Their Ideas i) Listening without bias c) Evaluate Speaker’s Logic and Credibility d) Beware of the Consequences of not Carefully Listening 5) Fair use Guidelines a) Fair use provision – fair use of a copyrighted work – “including such use by reproduction in copies…,for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research – is not infringement” i) Section of US copyright law allowing limited noncommercial use of copyrighted material for teaching, research, criticism, scholarship, or commentary
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ii) 4 factors in determining fair use: (1) Purpose of use (2) Nature of the work wanted to be used (3) Quantity of the entire work wanted to be used (4) Effect that widespread use would have on market value 6) Plagiarism a) Plagiarism – unattributed use of another’s ideas, words, or pattern of organization i) Both speaker and listener have to be aware b) Intentional plagiarism – the deliberate, unattributed use of another’s ideas, words, or pattern of organization c) Unintentional plagiarism – the careless or unconscious unattributed use of another’s ideas, words, or pattern of organization d) To avoid plagiarism: i) Establish a clear and consistent method of notetaking ii) Record a complete source citation on each page of notes or photocopied article iii) Clearly indicate in the speech and words, ideas, or organizational techniques
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/19/2009 for the course COMM 2010 taught by Professor Berggren,k. during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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COMM_201_Collaborative_StudyGuide - COMM 201 Study Guide...

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