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Unformatted text preview: Religion 201 Final Study Guide Short Answer 1. Luther believed that priest should not mediate between individual and God. Movement towards priesthood of all believers in Protestantism. No hierarchy in religion, and the bible was the sole authority. 2. Cujus region, ejus religio is a phrase in Latin that means "Whose rule, his religion". In other words, the religion of the king or other ruler would be the religion of the people. It is actually very historically effective, for example the case of Emperor Constantine who made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire. (5 million Christians in 300 c.e. and 50 years later, 150 million Christians) 3. Fought between 1618 and 1648, in what is now modern-day Germany and involved most major European powers although it was originally a conflict between Protestants and Catholics 4. Hatred and persecution of Jews throughout history, and rampant anti-semitism in the 19 th century. Also the Dreyfus Affair in France. 5. Sacrament a Christian rite that is believed to have been means of divine grace or to be a sign or symbol of a spiritual reality. The seven sacraments are: 1) Baptism washes away original sin 2) Confirmation gift of holy spirit by anointing; child at age of reason makes decision to confirm the parents vows to follow Christ 3) Eucharist celebration of Christs redemptive sacrifice 4) Confession Catholic members expected confess sins to priest 5) Holy orders initiation into the clergy, performed by bishops 6) Marriage union between man and woman, only after 10 th century forbidden to priests 7) Anointing of the sick sacrament of the last rites, anointing sick with oil, saved for those in grave danger 6. The five pillars of Islam are 1) Shahadah the testimony of faith 2) Salat ritual prayer 3) Zakat Obligatory religious almsgiving 4) Siyam fasting 5) Hajj the pilgrimage to mecca 7. Ethical monotheism is a set standard of what is good and what is evil for all time/ all places; monotheistic religions invent or create the idea that there can be only one standard, one system of good and evil just as there is one God, one revealed truth, one standard of good and evil. 8. It continues to grow. Is symbolically connected to the Jewish community. 9. One to whom the commandments apply. 10. Ten commandments are: 1) Do not worship any other gods 2) Do not worship false idols 3) Do not take the lords name in vain 4) Keep the Sabbath holy 5) Honor your father and mother 6) Do not commit murder 7) Do not commit adultery 8) Do not steal 9) Do not lie 10) Do not covet 11. N/A 12. In 313 c.e. Constantine calls for toleration of Christianity in Empire; less tolerant spirit towards Jews ensues....
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course RELIG 201 taught by Professor Wellman during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.
- Spring '08
- The Bible