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WEEK 13 FINAL-1_StudyGuide

WEEK 13 FINAL-1_StudyGuide - Soc 2208 DSoc 2090 Study...

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Soc 2208 / DSoc 2090 Study Questions, Lectures 19 & 20 1. Following your graduation from Cornell, you get a job as a staff researcher in a large law firm. Just after you start the job, the firm is hired to represent a group of women who have been denied jobs as engineers in the last several years. The women's lawsuit claims that they were denied these jobs because of their sex. Unfortunately, your firm has no prior experience in representing such cases. Given your background in Sociology, you're asked to write a research brief on occupational segregation by sex. The lawyers explicitly state they want to understand possible sources, types, and historical as well as current patterns of sex segregation. They also need a review of the most relevant literature, because they might need to contact scholars in the field to act as expert witnesses. Good luck! Patterns in Segregation: still dramatic sex segregation in the labor force, not much has changed between the year 1910 and 2000, esp. in nurses and secretaries Charles & Brusky o If one sought to undue all sex segregation, 52% of women would have to change occupations o Contemporary gender regimes continue to have a traditional 1950s feel, there’s a battle between biological essentialism and egalitarianism Asymmetric integration o Men’s occupations more likely to integrate than women’s Ghettoization: once an occupation reaches a certain level of women infiltration, there tends to be a flood of women in and men are less and less likely to join, etc. vet medicine o Tipping points Types of Segregation Horizontal o Men disproportionately in manual sector, women in nonmanual sector Physical vs. nurturing Biological essentialism: men tend to be better at physical jobs etc. o Compatible with egalitarianism (no necessary judgment that one should be paid more) “Separate but equal” They are good at different things but difference does not necessarily imply inequality, no sense of heirarchy Vertical o Within sectors, men in more desirable occupations Nonmanual sector: high-status professions, managers Manual sector: craft (for men), women tend to be more in unskilled labor o Incompatible with egalitarianism
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Were in a situation of separate and unequal There’s something that’s going on that’s enticing men into the well-paying jobs and leaving the poor paying jobs for women Possible Sources NB: can be divided into both supply-side and demand-side arguments 1) Socialization: SSA a. Early sex-role socialization i. Effects on motivation: 1. Occupational preferences: pure tastes, unsullied by realism (it could be the case that girls don’t develop a taste for being train engineers, for etc.) 2. Occupational expectations: “realistic” judgments about what is possible or likely ii. Effects on skills, knowledge, personality 2) Status beliefs and expectations: SSA Emphasized interaction, not internalization
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