10.16 soc_Notes

10.16 soc_Notes - Social Networks 10.16.08 Where we are Who...

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Social Networks 10.16.08 Where we are Who gets ahead? o Family background o Education o Aspirations/expectations o Schools/neighborhood effects o Social capital—Today How much does getting ahead depend on knowing the right people? Social networks and attainment Logic: two types of capital Human capital o Personal productive capacity: any aspect of a person that increases their productive capacity (ultimately will increase their earnings) o Often measured with education, on-the-job training, health o Investment Social capital o Resources that reside in relationships/social network (do not reside in a person but in relationships themselves) o There’s something about relationships that increase access to capital o NB: person doesn’t own capital, but different people can access different amounts of capital o Investment: can invest in a network that allows you to get ahead in social capital Social capital is embedded in social networks (basic features of networks, ways of thinking about networks): Size of networks: how many people do you know? Density of network: the extent to which the people you know also know each other/are linked to one another Nature of relationships themselves Strength/valence of relationship: close friend or acquaintance? /do you like this person or do you hate him? Organization of network What would the network look like if you were to graph it? Clusters? Social location of ego, “alters” The extent to which the people in your network are all of the same “location” A quick look at social networks
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Core discussion networks in the US: (McPherson et al 2006) Sample Discussion networks largest for… o Whites (only 15% have non-white confidant) o Highly educated respondents o Younger people o (No net gender difference) From the table (which compares network size in 1985 and 2004): the number of people we seem to be able to confide in is shrinking
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10.16 soc_Notes - Social Networks 10.16.08 Where we are Who...

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