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Unformatted text preview: Soc 2208/DSoc 2090 Study Question, Lecture 12 1. OECD data show that the United States has relatively high levels of inequality and poverty compared to other advanced industrialized countries. Discuss how the welfare regime in the U.S. differs from the welfare regime in many other industrialized countries. Address both the ideological differences as well as the differences in spending patterns in different areas that affect inequality. Why have inequality-reducing programs failed to receive much support in the United States? States (nations/countries) shape inequalities of opportunities and outcomes o Directly (taxation/redistribution) o Indirectly (provision of services, labor market rules, funding for education, etc.) How welfare regime in U.S. differs from the welfare regime in many other industrialized countries Liberal welfare regime : U.S. (also Canada, Australia) Underlying principle: o Sanctity of the market (market rules all) o Attainment reflects successes/failures in market State-provided welfare benefits are o Means-tested with strict entitlement rules o Modesty sized o Stigma-generating (with receiving welfaresomething you did wrong to be on it) Resources to opportunity-leveling programs (should provide resources that level the playing field as opposed to pumping money in welfare programs that raise incomes) Morals of the system o Adults should be self-reliant o Generosity should come from within (philanthropic giving is very high in U.S. rather than other countries, if you are very well-off you should want to help others) o Individual liberty should be protected from the state (the individual needs to be free from the stateprotected from the imposition of behaviors from the state) o The market should be protected from the state Other welfare regimes Conservative welfare regime (Germany, France, Italy, Austria)...
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- Fall '08