Study Guide - Final Terms to Know

Study Guide - Final Terms to Know - Terms to know:...

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Terms to know: Pluralism (both salvific and doctrinal): The view that many religious lead to salvation, but none are completely literally true. Salvific: Multiple traditions can get to salvation. Doctrinal: Multiple traditions get some doctrines right. Assumptions: God is personal, and all-___. Salvation is a genuine possibility, and the alternative is some punishment or hell. Metaphysical pluralism, or metaphysical basis for pluralism: There is only 1 reality (God). It is revealed to us in different ways in paths available to us in society. (Example of three blind men and an elephant). Objection: We would have to accept all paths, even the ones we think are absurd. Religious exclusivism: Truth resides in one religion, and that will be the one and only path to salvation. -Salvific exclusivism: Only one religion is trut and that is the only religion that leads to salvation. -Doctrinal exclusivism: Only one religion is true. Doctrinal exclusivists come in two forms: those who don’t think that of other religions will attain salvation (salvific exclusivists) and those who do think those of other religions will attain salvation (inclusivists). Religious inclusivism: The view that while there are many different paths to salvation, only the teachings of one religion can be true. Pragmatic reasons for belief, Pascal’s wager: Pascal’s wager: We can’t know that God exists, that God’s probability, or his nature. -One should do everything that one can do to involve oneself in the religious community in order to bring oneself to a state of belief. (Graph in notebook) Objections: 1. The many God’s objection: There are many possible sorts of gods who might reward or punish us in different ways, which affects what we should believe. The graph starts to get messy. Some strategies (theoretical considerations) might help, but it’s still a mess.
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course PHIL 267 taught by Professor Clatterbaugh during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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Study Guide - Final Terms to Know - Terms to know:...

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