Religion Study Guide - Religion 201 Midterm Study Guide...

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Religion 201 Midterm Study Guide Short Answer 1. Ramadan & Yom Kippur are similar in that they both are periods of abstaining from food, drink and sexual activity (fasting). Yom Kippur is a 25 hour fast, while Ramadan is a month long and is marked by daily fast. 2. Oral Torah is the oral interpretation of the written Torah. 3. Scriptures are organized into canons….most often closed by decision of group such that these texts become authoritative for the community. These are classic texts, not because someone says that must be but because through a history of interpretation they continue to be meaningful. 4. The Mishnah is a collection of jewish oral traditions and customs. The Mishnah is largely  commentaries on the Torah, was collected and edited by Rabbi Judah the Prince and is  divided into 6 major sections: agriculture; festivals; women; damages; holy things; rituals. 5. Second Temple Judaism or Early Judaism was the beginning of what some call the Levitical period, during which priests maintained the temple. 6. Three criteria for Messiah: Of David’s family; Signs of the kingdom (peace, miracles, healing); full knowledge of the written and oral Torah. 7. Temple ritual was a large part of Early Judaism. 8. Hebrew Canon: Torah (teaching), Nevi’im (prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings) 9. Persian period- Babylonian exile, start becoming more monotheistic. Triumph, preservernce of religion. Origining make w/context. Provided early context to Judaism. Oral and written Torah tradition. Lost their King which led to looking towards redemption from the messiah. 10. Halakah = The way. The sum of rabbinic explanations for implementing the commandments. 11. The Mishnah is part of the Talmud. The other part of the Talmud is the Gemara. 12. Ancient Israel: God was in the land. Early Judaism (2 nd Temple): God was in the temple. Classical Judaism (Rabbinism): God was in the Torah. 13. Jews have survived so many hardships, and yet they still persevere. This is 14. No independent evidence of Abraham, Moses, and Jerhico. Jesus was mentioned in independent text, but there is controversy over whether or not it was added afterwards.
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course RELIG 201 taught by Professor Wellman during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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Religion Study Guide - Religion 201 Midterm Study Guide...

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