Religion 201 Notes - Religion 201 Notes 10/5/06 Essential...

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Religion 201 Notes 10/5/06 Essential – citing a divine authority, assumes a believer, defending a point of view Nominal – clearer, defendable, scientific The Amish Christian, protestant, Anabaptist group. Primitive – no modern conveniences – work off the land. Sectarian – no participation in military. Also, no social security participation. Matthew 5:43-48 (scripture defining Amish schoolhouse example of forgiveness for gunman) Texts preserved by human memory, collected over time, in a community of like- minded authorities, that guide and direct that community. Texts become tradition when they become that which is handed down. Tradition can die and texts can lose their meaning. Scriptures are organized into canons… most often closed by the decision of a group such that these texts become authoritative for the community. These are classic texts, not because someone says that must be but because through a history of interpretation they continue to be meaningful. Ancient Israel: 2000 – 6 th B.C. Little is known about real historical record except through Jewish legends and stories. Stories that are projected back about specific figures: Abraham, Moses, etc. All we have is the Torah, that the first Jew was a monotheist. Abram, the wandering Aramean, a tribal chieftain who rebelled against his own father’s idolatry. In one legend even smashing his father’s idols. God – the God, the Jewish god, Yahweh, Elohim – told Abraham, to leave home and head south “to the land that I will show you.” Only one mention of Israel on a 1207 B.C.E stone column Around tenth century BCE formation of national cult: a tribe that identified with its leaders and kings 922 BCE: Northern and Southern Kingdoms separate. Form Israel and Judah 722 BCE: Assyrians conquer Northern Kingdom of Israel; Israel was much more developed than the southern kingdom of Judah. The prophets interpreted Israel’s fall because of their turn to idolatry; the worship of foreign Gods; the great king Josiah comes along in 6 th century B.C.E. to redeem the nation. He destroys every trace of idolatry in the Temple and finds the great scroll, the Torah, what many scholars believe is Deuteronomy. Many believe that the Torah, the five books of Moses completed under Josiah The Torah (four different authors): The J author, used the name of Yahweh for god, Jahweh in german, wroe most of Genesis, at least parts of Exodus. The E author, who called God Elohim, also contributed much to Genesis and Exodus.
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The P author (or priestly) author wrote parts of Genesis and Exodus, most of Leviticus, and the more ritualistic and legalistic parts of Numbers. The D author, or Deuteronomist, wrote the last of the five books, completing the
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course RELIG 201 taught by Professor Wellman during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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Religion 201 Notes - Religion 201 Notes 10/5/06 Essential...

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