Religion 201 Notes (post-midterm)

Religion 201 Notes (post-midterm) - Religion 201 Notes...

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Religion 201 Notes (post-midterm) 11/7/06 E-Reserves for class: 11/9/06 Christian Worship and Ritual: Prayer Ritual is prayer, life is prayer, and to contemplate in the Christian tradition is to accept what is as a gift from God. St. Paul, “pray without ceasing” (1 Thessalonians 5:17)… that is, in the liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the breath prayer, breath, “Lord Jesus Christ,” breathe out, “have mercy on me a sinner” Fasting: Critical in the early life of the church Translates in the 3 rd and century into the beginnings of the Christian monastic tradition, practicing forms of asceticism. St. Anthony Most saints come from upper classes. This may be because of the fact that they are more concerned with securing their own wealth. Thomas Merton, converted catholic monk. Baptism by water takes on early power to initiate the follower into the Christian community Baptism: washes away original sin Confirmation of chrismation: gift of holy spirit by anointing; child, at age of reason, 7 or 8, makes decision to confirm the parent’s vows to follow Christ Eucharist: (Greek, Thanksgiving) Celebration of Christ’s redemptive sacrifice Confession: Catholic members expected to confess sins to priest Holy Orders: initiation into the clergy, performed by bishops Marriage: union between man and woman Martin Luther: d 1546, get rid of all the sacraments except those mentioned by scripture: baptism and communion. o Baptism becomes a central act… believe and be baptized. o Worship changes dramatically Movement toward priesthood of all believers Reninciation of icons/images/saints Bible as sole authority for life and faith o Priests no longer mediates between individual and God o American evangelicalism, strong movement toward individual salvation Worship, Ritual, and Purification in Islam Salat, the second pillar after the shahada, means worship Hadith: “purity is half the faith” Major impurities: sexual intercourse, seminal emission, menstruation, childbirth, large flows of blood, touching of a corpse. The ablution, or purification process is called ghusl, ritualized bath
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Minor impurities: evacuation of bodily wastes; sleep, bleeding, breaking wind, contact with a dog and fainting Ritualized washing for minor impurities is wudu, washing hands, arms to the elbows, face, ears, feet, and ankles, washing of ears and over the hair, cleansing of mouth and nostrils Dry process of using forms of dust may substitute for the wash Generally the demands of prayer/fasting are not onerous Salat, or worship, required to be performed five timesa day Inro includes Shahada, “There is not god but God and Muhammad is his prophet.” In a group, Salat is led by the iman Males and females do not mix Congregation stands in even lines and the direction is turned toward Mecca,
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course RELIG 201 taught by Professor Wellman during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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Religion 201 Notes (post-midterm) - Religion 201 Notes...

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