Child Labor Legislation_Essay - [Type text] 4) As of August...

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[Type text] 4) As of August 2007, the WFCL Convention has been ratified by 165 countries in eight years  since its adoption. What explains the nearly universal ratification of Convention 182 in such a  short time span, compared with the smaller number (150) of ratifications of Convention 138 in  the more than thirty years since its adoption? What lessons does the global response to   Convention 182 hold for future efforts to regulate child labor? Picture a young child enslaved to work in an unhealthy factory environment, performing  the same tedious task day and night, while being threatened (or beaten) and malnourished.  Imagine millions  of young children being enslaved  or working for next to nothing with no  education, love, or future. Consider these poor helpless children the next time you drink a  Starbucks coffee, run in your new Nike’s, or kick a soccer ball around. The emotions provoked  from these horrible images and their direct links to our everyday lives are reasons why child  labor is the most widespread and controversial international labor issue. Along with gross levels  of environmental pollution, the exploitation of child labor was one of the most egregious crimes  of the early stages of industrialization. It took many years to stop these deplorable practices in  the first industrialized societies. As industrialization follows lower cost labor to “developing”  nations under the banner of “globalization”, history repeats itself.   This   should   come as no  surprise to the developed western societies off-shoring their manufacturing jobs; given our own  history and the relentless competitive pressures of capitalism which drives commerce and  capital to the lowest cost producers as the foundation of our own consumption and that of the  rising middle economic classes in the developing nations. We can be saddened, but should not  be surprised.  While the general populace is surprised that many of their favorite designer items are the  fruit of child labor, institutions charged with planning for and mitigating these practices have  been proactive.  International organizations like the International Labour Organization (ILO) and  the UN have attempted to bring all the nations together for a collective effort to regulate child  labor. Some of these attempts are more successful than others. In 1973 the International  Labour   Organization,   ILO,   established   Convention   138   concerning   the   minimum   age   for  admission for employment. This convention was designed to replace 10 other pre-existing  conventions.   This   Convention   requires   participating   nations   to   establish   national   policies 
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This essay was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course ILRIC 6340 taught by Professor Compal during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Child Labor Legislation_Essay - [Type text] 4) As of August...

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