Child Labor Legislation_Essay - 4) As of August 2007, the...

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4) As of August 2007, the WFCL Convention has been ratified by 165 countries in eight years since its adoption. What explains the nearly universal ratification of Convention 182 in such a short time span, compared with the smaller number (150) of ratifications of Convention 138 in the more than thirty years since its adoption? What lessons does the global response to Convention 182 hold for future efforts to regulate child labor? Picture of a young child enslaved to work in a cold dark factory, performing the same tedious task day and night, while being beaten, threatened and malnourished. Imagine millions of young children being enslaved or working for next to nothing with no education, love, or future. Just consider these poor helpless children the next time you drink a Starbucks coffee, run in your new Nike’s, or kick a soccer ball around. The emotions provoked from these horrible images and their direct links to our everyday lives are reasons why child labor is the most widespread and controversial international labor issue. Over the past two centuries the rapid spread and development of industrialization and globalization led to the development of child labor on a vast scale. In today’s world, the forces of globalization make it easy or “economic” to exploit underdeveloped nations for their cheap resources and labor, like children, while the advances of technology and communication bring countless documents, reports, and hard evidence of these human rights violations right to your door step, or should I say computer screen. During this period governments, politicians, activists, and social/labor organizations have individually attempted to regulate, reduce, and/or eliminate child labor. Now that the world ever more connected through a global economy different international organizations like the International Labour Organization and the UN have attempted to bring all the nations together for a collective effort to regulate child labor. Some of these attempts are more successful than others. In 1973 the International Labour Organization, ILO, established Convention 138 concerning the minimum age for admission for employment. This convention was designed to replace 10 other pre-existing conventions. This Convention requires participating nations to establish national policies eliminating child labor by progressively raising the minimum
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Child Labor Legislation_Essay - 4) As of August 2007, the...

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