convention182_Notes

convention182_Notes - CONVENTION 182 SITUATION OF CHILD...

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CONVENTION 182 SITUATION OF CHILD LABOUR IN SADC MEMBER STATES Introduction Child Labour in SADC Member States varies from one Member State to another. At their regular annual meeting in 1996 in Lilongwe, Malawi, the Member States requested the ILO to undertake a study on Child Labour in SADC Member states and submit the findings at their next meeting in 1997. During their annual meeting in 1997 in Pretoria, Republic of South Africa, the ILO presented the results of the study. (In summary see the table below). The results of the presentation aroused a lot of concern to the SADC Member States. Since then the Child Labour question has been in the agenda in the annual SADC/ELS meetings. This presentation merely reveals what has been put forward by the Member States and compiled by SADC Secretariat and the ILO as to the position of Child Labour in their countries. For the Member States which did not forward the information, more or less nothing was compiled and reported. 1997 Estimated number of children engaged in employment in SADC Member States Children aged 10 - 14 working as % of Population (1990) Angola n.a. Botswana 14.6% Lesotho 19% Malawi 31.1% Mauritius n.a Mozambique 38.8% Namibia 4.8% South Africa n.a. Swaziland 25.4% Tanzania 50% Zambia 16.2% Zimbabwe n.a. Source: World Bank, Africa Development Indicators 1994 - 1995, Washington DC 1995, P. 299; Compiled from various sources by ILO/SAMAT, Labour Force Survey 1990/1991 The above estimates number of children engaged in employment as shown in the above table was sharply denied by several member states as a result many of the countries in Sub-region requested the ILO to undertake Child Labour Studies or Surveys to reveal the actual extent of the problem and in what sectors the problem existed. 1
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In that year the Ministers and Social Partners urged member states to formulate policies and enact legislation against child labour. They also urged that in so doing, they should take into account the various available ILO Conventions, Recommendations and Resolutions. They further urged member states to formulate policies and programmes to deal with issues affecting Child Labour after further studies as well as to: 1. Establish legal standards on child labour and mechanisms for their monitoring and enforcement; 2. Review social security and social protection systems; and 3. Review mechanisms for providing free, affordable and accessible primary education. Ministers and Social Partners also agreed that an update of the regional assessment of the problems, policies and programmes in the SADC region should be carried out and the findings be reported to the annual SADC ELS meetings. In that meeting, Ministers and Social Partners, however, were invited to note that reliable data on child labour were scarce. They further noted that, recent ILO estimates indicated that worldwide more than 250 million children aged 5 to 14 work, of which 120 million were in full time employment. Of this total estimate, 32%, or 80 million working children were in Africa.
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convention182_Notes - CONVENTION 182 SITUATION OF CHILD...

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