Essay#2 - Child Labor Legislation_Outline

Essay#2 - Child Labor Legislation_Outline - 1 Convention...

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1. Convention 138 a. 1973 b. Designed to replace 10 pre-existing conventions c. Obligates signatories to institute national policy programs abolishing child labor by progressively raising the minimum age for working in order to advance the physical and mental development of young people. d. Raise the minimum age of employment to 15 (14 in the case of underdeveloped countries), 143 countries have ratified this (63% of children worldwide are protected) and set minimum ages for light and hazardous work. i. 18 for hazardous work 2. Convention 182 a. prohibit and eliminate the worst forms of child labor, 158 countries have ratified this (77% of children worldwide are protected) b. Hazards = physical, psychological or sexual abuse, work underground, underwater, at dangerous heights, in small spaces, with dangerous machinery, tools, carrying heavy things, hazardous substances, high temperatures or noise levels, work for long hours, at night, child can`t leave work location c. Hazardous Work i. Work in Hazardous Industries ii. Or work over 43hrs/ week in any industry iii. d. Unconditional Worst Forms of Child Labor i. All forms of slavery 1. Sale and trafficking of children 2. Debt bondage and serfdom 3. Forced and Compulsory labor a. Including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict. ii. Prostitution
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1. Or for production of pornography iii. Work which by its nature or the circumstances in which carried out is like to harm the health, safety or morals of children. 3. Child labor and adult labor 4. Why universal ratification of 182 but not 138? a. Problems with Convention 138 / reasons why it was not excepted i. Lack of Flexibility 1. Lack of flexibility of the requirements and of their interpretation by the Committee of Experts 2. Compliance Problems for Developed Nations a. Light Work Issue i. Common practice for children who are stilled in full time education to supplement their resources by working part-time outside school
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course ILRIC 6340 taught by Professor Compal during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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Essay#2 - Child Labor Legislation_Outline - 1 Convention...

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