International Labor Law Final _Essay

International Labor Law Final _Essay - International Labor...

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International Labor Law Final (3,000 words) A U.S.-Based multinational company called General Power Corporation (GPC) is seeking a major contract from the government of a developing country named Devinco to build a power generation system. The project includes hydroelectric stations, coal-burning plants, transmission lines, transformer stations and other elements. Devinco needs more power generation project to meet the demand for electrical energy in rapidly growing export processing zone (EPZ) factories in Devinco. These factories produce clothing, footwear, toys, electronics, and other manufactured goods under subcontracts with big brand-name companies in the United States, Europe, and Japan. The EPZ factories are owned by private investor groups based in developed countries and in economic “tiger” countries such as Taiwan, Korea, and Singapore. The factories are managed by executives from those countries and by managers and supervisors who are Devincan. Many workers are employed in the EPZ factories. Most are young women. If they did not have these jobs, they would have to return to unpaid labor in agriculture back in their home villages. If the power generation project goes forward, new factories would employ many more workers. Devino’s Ministry of Economic Development is counting on the power system and new EPZ factories as a primary source of job creation and economic growth in years ahead. Continued access to the large U.S. consumer market is critical to Devinco’s economic development strategy. Devinco wants its factories to supply big retailing firms like Nike, Wal-Mart, etc. These U.S. firms want to take advantage of low wages in Devinco. The United States and Devinco have started negotiations on a free trade agreement between the two countries. Reports by Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and other NGOs have found serious human rights and labor rights problems both in the construction sector that would build the power plants, and in the EPZ factories. Some human rights groups warn that the Devinco army will force peasants out of their homes to work on road construction and other projects related to the GPC power system – and shoot them if they protest or refuse Human rights organizations also report: The only trade unions allowed to exist must belong to the government-controlled official labor federation. Police arrest and jail workers who try to form independent unions. Dangerous health and safety conditions are common in factories, such as exposure to hazardous chemicals without protective equipment and working with unguarded machinery.
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Management forces workers to work long hours, often requiring double shifts of 16-hour workdays. Workers are paid the minimum wage of $40 per week. This is the amount they are
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International Labor Law Final _Essay - International Labor...

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