students You can fulfill the 2-3 page Media Response assignment, if you want, by responding to the following congressional testimonies. The first is by Daniel Griswold, an analyst from the Cato Institute. The second is by Charles Kernaghan, a sweatshop critic from the National Labor Committee. Both earings involve a bill introduced by Senator Byron Dorgan of North Dakota. The bill would prohibit sale in the United States of any products made in sweatshops overseas. You can also respond to the article and video I sent last week about The Gap and child labor in India. In general, you should be planning to fulfill your media response assignment soon, rather than letting is go to the very end and jamming up against other assignments. Remember you have a second 4-5 page "Notes and Questions" essay assignment due November 27. I am setting a deadline of December 4 for the Media Response assignment. But again, think about not overloading yourself at the end. --Prof. Compa The Best "Anti-Sweatshop" Policy: Expanding U.S. Trade with Developing Countries Testimony by Daniel Griswold, The Cato Institute Before the Trade, Tourism, and Economic Development Subcommittee of the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee Hearing on "Overseas Sweatshop Abuses, Their Impact on U.S. Workers, and the Need for Anti-Sweatshop Legislation" February 14, 2007 ---------- Mr. Griswold: Chairman Dorgan and members of the subcommittee, thank you for inviting the Cato Institute to testify today on global working conditions. First, we should reject any notion that American workers are pitted in zero-sum competition with workers in poor countries. There is no race to the bottom in labor standards. Global incomes and working conditions can rise for workers in all countries that participate in the global economy. As America has become more globalized in the last 25 years, American workers and their families have enjoyed significant increases in real compensation, disposable incomes, and wealth. Nor has trade with developed countries undermined America's manufacturing base. Output of America's factories last year was more than 50 percent higher than it was in the early 1990s, before we joined NAFTA and the World Trade Organization. American factories are producing more aircraft and pharmaceuticals, more sophisticated machinery and semiconductors, more chemicals, and even passenger vehicles and parts, than 15 years ago. We can
produce more with fewer workers because manufacturing productivity has been growing so rapidly. When U.S. multinational companies invest abroad, their primary motivation is not a search for low wages and low standards. More than low costs, they seek wealthy consumers, skilled workers, an infrastructure that works, the rule of law, political stability, and the freedom to trade and repatriate profits. That is why more than 80 percent of U.S. outward manufacturing direct investment flows to other high-income, high-standard economies, such as the European Union, Canada, and Australia.
- Summer '07
- workers, sweatshop, Mr. Griswold, Senator Dorgan