Characteristics of CB in Sports_Notes

Characteristics of CB in Sports_Notes - Characteristics of...

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Characteristics of CB in Sports 1. Craft/Professional Unionism(2)Multi Employer bargaining(3)Highly Seasonal (4)Coexistence of individual employment contracts and collective bargaining (5)Highly paid and skilled but exemplify tournament theory . Characteristics of the Industry (1)The nature of competition in pro sports. Competition from rival leagues: i.e. in baseball there’s American League, Federal League and Mexican League (2) Antitrust Issues (3) The owners dilemma: expansion vs. dilution Issues in the NHL Lockout: (1) Hard salary cap (2) luxury tax (3) Revenue sharing (4) Rollback in player salaries (5)Players accept most of the owner’s proposals Critical Issues in Owner-Player Relations (1) Reserve Clause vs. Free Agency- effect of the reserve clause on bargaining power (2)Salary caps, hard caps vs. soft caps (3)Revenue Sharing- baseball owners attempted to link revenue sharing to a salary cap in ’94 (4) luxury tax (5) Pension Plans (6) Diversity (7)TV and licensing revenue (8) Aberrant behavior Why Have Salaries Increased? (1) Growth of leisure (2) New sources of revenue (3) Expansion and competition (4) Corporate ownership (5) Collective bargaining (6) Free Agency (7) Final Offer Arbitration CB in Arts and Entertainment Distinguishing Features of the Industry (1) Multi-employer bargaining structure (2)Above the line talent and below the line production (3)Visible Effects of production and conflict (4)Significant net export industry (5)Extremely high unemployment rates (6)Casual project employment model (7) CB sets min. standards only The Principle Players: Employers (1) League of NY Theatres (2) Individual Performance Companies (3) Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (4) Recording Industry of America (5) TV Networks The Principle Players: Unions (1)Actor’s Equity 1913 (2) American Fed of Musicians 1896 (3) American Fed of TV and Radio Artists 1937 (4) SAG 1933 (5) WGA East and West 1954 Technological Change (1) Film and TV production (2) Distribution of Product (3) Numbers of Workers (4) Location of Work (5) Chasing Revenue The Distribution Chain (1) Theatrical Release- Domestic and Foreign (2) Licensing to pay cable (3) Home Video (4) TV Networks (5) Local and Cable TV (6) The New Media ie ipods, internet Compensation (1) Minimum standards (2) Personal Service Contract (3) Residuals: historical role, chasing markets, joint administration, principle conflict for above-the-line unions Vertical Integration
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