HIUS131 Lecture 3

HIUS131 Lecture 3 - Intro Edward Bellamy's Critique of...

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Intro Edward Bellamy's Critique of Industrial Capitalism Antimonopolist Movements Henry George: Single Tax 8-Hour Populism Conclusion Previous class: intellectuals changed Darwinism to social theories. Summer said that it is comparable to biology and that economic wealth is comparable to death. Rich = Fit and Poor = Unfit Proponents of Darwinism are pessimistic about future Basic problem is scarcity is the fact of life. If population grew then scarcity will get worse and thus there are more unfit people. Industrial Growth The period that saw the rise of great fortune, increase of white collar workers, increase labor force. More americans were becoming wage workers 1880 -> 1900 Doubled in industrial workers. (Unskilled and semi-skilled) Industrial jobs were not opened to black workers but increasingly immigrants Majority of immigrants came from Western Europe. After 1890, it was Italy and Eastern Europe. 60 Hour week was average post civil war. Factory work was unsafe because of absence of safety regulations. Accident rates exceed many other countries. (25% workers of Carnegie Plant were injured or killed each year) 45% of the immigrants returned to Europe in the late 1900-1910. Working class workers is the center of cities. Working class neighborhoods were slums that are dirty and unsanitary. Overcrowded. Tenantment museum which is reconstructed to show what it was like in the late 19 th century. Rooms with no windows, and furnished with what it would had in the late 19 th century. Water had to be carried in. Upper middle class families lived in the suburbs. End of the 19 th century had indoor plumbing. This transformation of classes generated reactions for people who lived through it. Edward Bellamy Book was published in 1888. As we move on in the course, we will gain a deeper meaning of the text. Significant that it was a best seller because it shows some values in the late 19 th century. National takeover of private enterprises. Bellamy: Son of a minister, keen to the disruption in the economy, became a
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 131 taught by Professor Klein during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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HIUS131 Lecture 3 - Intro Edward Bellamy's Critique of...

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