Project_Presentation - Causes of Diabetes in Youth in...

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Unformatted text preview: Causes of Diabetes in Youth in Baltimore, MD Research & Evidence Medical research has shown that Type 2 Diabetes is highly preventable based on healthy lifestyle habits including adequate exercise, a healthy diet, minimal alcohol consumption, and adequate access to healthcare. On the other hand, other studies have shown that healthy lifestyle promotion programs are not highly effective in improving health outcomes when there are underlying issues of severe structural inequality. 5 social/structural factors influencing the problem of diabetes in youths Low income Unsafe environments Lack of education/educational programs High stress levels Health care system Low Income A result of: Lack of parental guidance because parents need two jobs No access to healthy food; health food is more expensive Fast food chains provide cheap and easy food for families, yet lacks nutritional ingredients Can’t afford childcare, good babysitters or good doctors Median household income in 1999 (dollars) Median family income in 1999 (dollars) Per capita income in 1999 (dollars) Families below poverty level Individuals below poverty level 37,054 49,391 25,139 4,095 26,202 30,190 13,132 22,745 30,078 35,438 16,978 27,864 26,483 110,022 143,514 Unsafe Areas Lack of exercise diabetes Do not have parks and nice neighborhoods to run/play sports in safely Prevalence of lead in surrounding areas Prevalence of violence Many juvenile incarcerations Susceptive to drug and alcohol abuse at a young age QuickTime ™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime ™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. Lack of education No education or dropping out before graduation Lack motivation to receive an education No educational programs outside of school Not enough extracurricular programs for children General Characteristics White Population High school graduate or higher Bachelor's degree or higher General Characteristics High school graduate or higher Bachelor's degree or higher In labor force (population 16 years and over) Median household income in 1999 (dollars) Median family income in 1999 (dollars) Per capita income in 1999 (dollars) Families below poverty level Individuals below poverty level 111,031 49,939 Number 286,882 80,324 287,159 30,078 35,438 16,978 27,864 143,514 Black Total 165,005 25,266 Percent 68.4 19.1 56.6 (X) (X) (X) 18.8 22.9 Total Population 286,882 80,324 U.S. 80.4% 24.4% 63.9% 41,994 50,046 21,587 9.2% 12.4% QuickTime ™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime ™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime ™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. Stress of being poor Trying to fight for survival; lack of food on table Stress causes more insulin to be produced Unhealthy eating habits due to stressful/emotional eating High suicide rate among adolescents QuickTime ™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. Sociologists agree constant stress is bad! “Chronic activation of a system designed for the short-term will result in a change in its set point, its resting level of activity… which will lead eventually to changes in these organs, i.e. disease. A consequence of a chronically overactive HPA axis will be insulin resistance: the cells re- spond less and less to insulin resulting in a higher blood concentration of insulin and glucose.” - Socioeconomic status and health: a neurobiological perspective JeanPierre Roy. MORE INSULIN = DIABETES Healthcare System No access for everyone…not universal Expensive Lower level jobs do not offer adequate healthcare Infant health is low; infant mortality is high QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. Conclusion - tie in our factors to diabetes… - Certain youth group ...
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