81583195_Conceptual Paper - Running head CONCEPTUAL PAPER 1...

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Running head: CONCEPTUAL PAPER 1 Conceptual Paper Student’s Name University/College
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CONCEPTUAL PAPER 2 Introduction Organizational performance is essential for the success of a business in the context of United Arab Emirates (UAE). Organizational performance involves the potential for future success of the company. This will rely on effective implementation of strategies to achieve the targets and objectives of the organization. Organizational performance relies on several variable such as effectiveness, resistance, efficiency, and outcomes in the workplace (Boyatzis, 2009) (Boyatzis & Franco Ratti, 2009). Essentially, the employee and organizational performance depends on the leadership competency, and this is a differentiating factor among leaders in an organization. The external and internal environments of the organization affect the management of human resources in the organization. It is imperative to understand these influences. In the context of the UAE, many multinational companies have established themselves in the country. The culture of the shareholders will often be influenced by the local culture in the UAE. There is a cultural dimension in the performance of the organization (Wilson, 1983) (Taylor, 2006). Many cultural constraints are an obstacle to the implementation of performance management in the organization. The climate of belief and management attitude in the company is affected and maintained by many variable in the organization. Some cultural constraints, as the case with the UAE have emerged as a setback to the implementation of the performance management. Discussions on employee performance and organizational performance rely on the leadership. It involves the leader’s knowledge on processes in the organization. It is the leader’s role to guarantee the success of the organization. Leadership greatly relies on the individual’s knowledge. The leader plays a role in the success of the organization and employees. The knowledge inherent in the leader is often passed to the employees in the context of the organization in this regard, a skilled leader will ensure that the performance of employees is improved, leading to a productive workforce (Stubbs & Koman Steven B. Wolff, 2008) (Slaski & Cartwright, 2002). The leader is also involved in determining challenges within the workforce, and coming up with suggestions on how to make changes that would be of benefit to the employees. Literature Review Cognitive Competencies and leadership competencies The body of research in regards on organizational performance and employee satisfaction has been growing over the years. The organizational efficiency and productivity often relies on cognitive competencies and leadership competencies. Mukherjee, Lahiri and D. Mukherjee (2012) look at leadership, and the link with cognitive, social, and behavioral capabilities. Cognitive competencies often involve global knowledge resources that allow the organization to achieve a competitive advantage. Leadership is seen in the context of virtual teams (VT) where leadership is important for the success of the organization. This is often the
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