lol2 - Progressive Reform and Its Limits 1890s-1920s 1...

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Progressive Reform and Its Limits 1890s-1920s 1. Overview of the Progressive Movement 1. Shifting from Shopping and Leisure -> Politics 2. Late 19 th century, saw growing inequality between classes. By the turn of the century, people were saying that an active government was needed to control excess. 3. A lot of people were influenced by edward bellamy and other journalists. 4. Business men joined this reform movement as well as professional workers. 5. TR and FDR were deeply influenced by the Progressive movement. 6. The people that were the most responsible for pushing this movement were middle class women. 7. The progressive reformers shared these assumptions 1. Like, Edward bellamy and Frederick Taylor, they shared an optimistic belief that sciecne and technology that it was going to end poverty and hunger. This is an attack on social darwinism because they say that scarcity is a fact of life. 2. Social harmony was in reach. 3. Government is representative of the people can restore justice and shared the goods of the industrialization. They believed that there should be a strong state to make it good for other people as well. 4. They do not want to overturn Capitalism. 5. They said that the system of industrial labor that is breaking families down. And to change it is to increase the standard of living. Progressive reformer that invented basketball. 6. Shared an interest in improving public schools. Activist state requires people with education. Traditional schools was rote memorization and this was conservative thought. They stressed play and music and art instead of roteness. So they are more capable of voting intelligently. 7. Middle class women were the front of the movement. Many of the reforms by the progressive were made by women at the beginning of the 20 th century. The women who advanced this agenda were referred to as Maternalist because they used the language of motherhood to make their cases. 2. Maternalism 1. They agree on: 1. Unique feminine value system that is based on care and nurture and self sacrifice 2. Women as Women has something distinctive to bring to politics. 3. They believed as well that mothers were a service to the state because they raised intelligent kids. 4. Also believed that Motherhood united women through class and sometimes race 5. Ideally, men should earn a family wage that is sufficient to support the family. 6. They thought women's role was distinctive. 2. Defined the nation and also the city as family at large. The city and nation should function as a family. “The womens place is in the home but today if she were to serve the home, she must go beyond the walls. “ 3. Many of them was drawn from the first educated college women such as Jane Adams. She
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 131 taught by Professor Klein during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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lol2 - Progressive Reform and Its Limits 1890s-1920s 1...

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