4. Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life

4. Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life - Chapter 4:...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life 12/02/2008 10:30:00 1)Table of Contents 2)Overview 3)4.1- Organic Chemistry is the Study of Carbon Compounds 4)4.2- Carbon Atoms can Form Diverse Molecules by Bonding to Four Other Atoms 5)Figure 4.7- 3 Types of Isomers 6)4.3- Functional Groups are the Parts of Molecules Involved in Chemical Reactions 7)Functional Groups Overview 12/02/2008 10:30:00 All living things are made up of chemicals based mostly on Carbon Carbon o Enters the biosphere through plants Which use the suns energy to transform CO 2 in the atmosphere into the molecule of life Which are passed into animals o Is unparalleled in its ability to form molecules that are large, complex, and diverse Made diversity possible o Proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, other living matter All composed of carbon atoms bonded to one another and to atoms of other elements H, O, N, S, P o Accounts for the large diversity of biological molecules 4.1- Organic Chemistry is the Study of Carbon Compounds 12/02/2008 10:30:00 Organic Compounds o Contain carbon Organic Chemistry o The study of carbon compounds Major Elements of Life o C o H o O o N o S o P o Quite uniform from one organism to another Carbon has versatility o Limited assortment of atomic building blocks can be used to build a variety of organic molecules Different species of organisms & different individuals within a species are distinguished by variations in their organic molecules Vitalism o The belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical and chemical laws o Crumbled after several decades of laboratory synthesis of increasingly complex organic compounds Mechanism o View that all natural phenomena, incl. the processes of life, are governed by physical and chemical laws Organic chemistry was redefined as the study of carbon compounds, regardless of origin Most naturally occurring organic compounds are produced by organisms, and these molecules represent a diversity and range of complexity unrivaled by...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course BISC 220L taught by Professor Herrera,mcclure during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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4. Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life - Chapter 4:...

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