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Assignment #6_Problem_Set_Solution

Assignment #6_Problem_Set_Solution - mixture with identical...

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Due: 3/9/07 Assignment #6 Chapter 12 6. a. Alkane – saturated hydrocarbons with carbon – carbon single bonds b. Alkene – hydrocarbons with one or more carbon – carbon double bonds c. Alkyne – organic compounds containing a carbon – carbon triple bond d. Aromatic – hydrocarbons and other compounds with one or more benzene rings or rings with benzene-like chemical properties 10. 1-pentene CH 2 CHCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 14. n-hexane 2-methyl pentane 3-methyl pentane 2,2-dimethyl butane 2,3-dimethyl butane 28. The octane rating of gasoline is determined by first using the gasoline in a standard engine and recording its knocking properties. Next, the test results are compared with the behavior of mixtures of heptane and isooctane, and the percentage of isooctane in the
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Unformatted text preview: mixture with identical knocking properties is called the octane rating of the gasoline. Oxygenated gasolines are blends of gasoline that contain oxygenated organic compounds such as alcohols or ethers to cause the gasoline to burn more cleanly. 32. The advantages include that methanol burns more cleanly than gasoline, and levels of troublesome pollutants such as carbon monoxide, unreacted hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, and ozone are reduced. Disadvantages include that there is concern about the higher exhaust emissions of carcinogenic formaldehyde from methanol-powered vehicles....
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Assignment #6_Problem_Set_Solution - mixture with identical...

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