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Unformatted text preview: Geography is the study of the spatial organization of human activity and peoples relationships with their environments Knowledge is at the intersection of what we know to be true and what we believe to be true Power and Money: World is organized into 3 distinct regions as a result of industrial revolution and ongoing economic and political relationships Core: dominates trade, technology, wealthy US and Europe service/information=tertiary, quaternary Periphery: disadvantaged, dependent, poor Central Asia, Most of Africa, Parts of S. America raw materials, extractive, agriculture (primary, secondary) Semi-periphery: transitional Australia, Asia, Central, South America combination of the two, in transition between raw materials to manufacturing to information (secondary, tertiary) Economic sectors: Primary: raw materials: agriculture, natural resource extraction mining, fishing, forestry, Secondary: industry, manufacturing process, transform raw materials food processing, steelmaking automobile manufacturing Tertiary: sale and exchange of goods and services warehousing, retail, personal services Quaternary: handling/processing of information International Trade and Debt: Global trade dominated by 4 trading blocs Western Europe (some former colonies) North America (some Latin American States) Former Soviet Union Japan and other East Asian states Free trade and open markets Neo-liberal (no regulation) trade policies from core Peripheral countries dependent on core countries Demand for goods Foreign investment Technology Dependence on European cultural products: language, education, religion, architecture Africa Debt International division of labor Periphery: agriculture/natural resources Elasticity of demand/price Limit to demand for peripheral products, low prices Import substitution Build manufacturing/industrial base Capital/debt Core countries, World Bank, IMF Debt builds up if investments are more expensive than profits. The only way to get rid of debt is to forgive it. Countries paying pack debt arent even paying the actually debt, but interest. Hegemony: Dominance of one group over other groups. Force them to do things their ways. Dominance socially, economically, and politically in the world system Superpower: State with wealth and power over others: Large populations, wealth and strong armies. Pre World War II: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Soviet Union, United States, United Kingdom- Post World War II: o China, France, UK, USSR, US (named themselves UN security council) ^ five permanent, 10 that change every two years o after 1945 Chins France and UK lost superpower status o after Cold War USSR lost superpower status o US only superpower (imperialism)- Potential superpowers o European Union: nuclear capacity, largest economy in the world o China: large population, largest army, small nuclear arsenal...
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- Spring '08