HD FS229 exam1 studyguide2 - Exam 1 Review Topics...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Exam 1 Review Topics Individual differences vs. General Development: Individual differences: what make each child unique and the reasons they develop the way they do, why certain children possess certain personality traits General development: the average- overall view of stages in children’s lives Domains of Development: Physical- how a child’s body develops; height, weight, appearance, motor skills Cognitive/perceptual- how a child’s mind develops; thoughts, abilities to process environment, sight and sensory Emotional/social- ability to control emotions and how our emotions and social relationships change as we grow Main Mechanisms/ Advances of Holistic Theories: Behaviorism- children’s environment has a great deal of control over them, they learn through reinforcements and punishments - Bandura’s social learning theory says also by observing the punishments and reinforcements of other people for their actions Evolutionary Theorists- Survival of the fittest, children must adapt to their environment for development in order to survive Ecological Systems Theory- There are different environments that affect the child, not just the one that he/she interacts with on a daily basis - Bronfenbrenner o microsystem: direct interaction with child o mesosystem: connections of microsystem o exosystem: outside factors that the child doesn’t interact with but still effect development o macrosystem: society/culture o chronosystem: the changes over time Page of 7 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Theorists: John Locke : tabula rasa/ blank slate, children are a blank slate and their experiences shape who they become; favored the continuous theory and heavily stressed nurture as a factor in child development Jean- Jacques Rousseau : called children noble savages, who naturally know right and wrong and an innate plan for orderly growth, development was more focused on nature ; developed the ideas of stages of development (he had four) and favored the discontinuous development theory which followed stages Darwin : natural selection and survival of the fittest , you survive because you adapt to your surroundings William Preyer : observed and created baby biographies ; set high standards through recording immediately what he saw and confirming the accuracy Stanley Hall and his student Arnold Gesell : developed normative approach in which they questioned and measured the behavior of a large number of children then processed the information on an age-related basis to develop general information for development; they constructed questionnaires and conducted interviews; could tell parents what to expect of their children at certain ages; regarded development as a maturational process - genetically decided series of events Binet : developed the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course HD FS 229 taught by Professor Gutshall,donna during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 7

HD FS229 exam1 studyguide2 - Exam 1 Review Topics...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online