ch 10_Notes - Lowi Summary Chapter 10 The chapter begins...

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Lowi Summary Chapter 10 The chapter begins with 2 major problems with rational voting, which are the lack of information the electorate has about the candidates (adverse selection). There is also a moral hazard problem as candidates may try to make themselves appear to be different than reality to get votes. Ambition for re-election helps solve this problem as candidates can be judged on their record. Another major focus of the chapter is the role of government in the electoral process. They decide who is eligible to vote, usually the better educated and non-minorities (based on their policies), how to draw the districts, and whether or not to correct the vote by using the electoral college. Historically voting laws used to discriminate, but now are here to prevent fraud. Gov. tries to maintain status quo by using Australian ballot, staggered Senate terms, and small Congressional districts to prevent too much change during an election. Referendum and imitative allow citizens (but mostly interest groups) a chance to bypass politicians, but also influence their behavior. The parties also play an important informational shortcut role in the electoral process. However due to the median voter theory much of the electorate has trouble finding clear differences between the candidates? Do voters vote based on their pocketbooks? Electorate enjoyed the economic and national security decisions of Pres. Bush and elected him in ’04, but voters forgot how good the economy was in ’06 and
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ch 10_Notes - Lowi Summary Chapter 10 The chapter begins...

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