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ID's for Final_StudyGuide - Twin Shocks 1949 Victory of...

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“Twin Shocks” – 1949. Victory of Communists in China under Mao and the first detonation of an atomic device by the USSR. NSC-68 – 1950. United States’ response to the Soviet Union successfully testing an atomic bomb. Branded the USSR as an enemy. Called for increased peacetime military spending and awareness amongst allies. Potentially escalated the war and caused unnecessary fear amongst Americans. George Kennan – US policy director in late 40’s; author of NSC-68. Douglas MacArthur – Commander of US forces in Japan during WWII. Was in charge of the Japan occupation after the war. Held off the Soviets in their quest to gain spheres of power. Chaiang Kai-shek – Chinese leader of KMT government that succumbed to Mao’s communist organization in the late 40’s – early 50’s. Truman realized that the US had supported a government that had no chance of staying in power. He was attacked by Republicans for supporting the KMT. Mao Zedong – Leader of the People’s Republic of China (Communist Party of China) from 1949-76. Made several reforms in China. Communism made him an enemy of the US and Cold War ally of the USSR but he often butted heads with leaders in Moscow. Paul Nitze – Kennen’s successor (late 40’s), elaborated on NSC-68. Called conflict with USSR “inevitable” and cited the Kremlin’s relationship with its own citizens as its biggest weakness. John Foster Dulles – Secretary of State under Eisenhower (’53-’61). Worked well with both parties. Succeeded in attaining more power over foreign affairs for the executive branch. Supported the use of the atomic bomb. Lucky Dragon - 1954 Japanese fishing boat whose 23-man crew got radiation poisoning from a US nuclear weapon test. Mohammed Mossadeq – Iranian who challenged British control of Iran oil in 1951. Eisenhower sent in the CIA, who defeated the uprising and “saved Iran from Communism”. “The Best and the Brightest” – JFK’s cabinet/advisors Robert McNamara – Secretary of Defense, age 44, Harvard professor and Ford executive MacGeorge Bundy – National Security Advisor, Harvard dean at age 35 Dean Rusk – Secretary of State, oldest cabinet member at age 52. Robert Kennedy – Attorney Gerneral, age 35. Kruschev – Soviet Premier 1960’s. Cuban Missile Crisis. Endorsed “National Liberation” in Vietnam. Wanted reunification of Germany/Berlin, which caused many East Germans to move to West Germany. Constructed the Berlin Wall. JFK: “Wall better than war”.
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Nation Building – JFK’s response to Kruschev’s “National Liberation”. Provided aid to new countries (education, agricultural, transportation) and helped them develop. Made them
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course HIST 3140 taught by Professor Logevall, f during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.

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ID's for Final_StudyGuide - Twin Shocks 1949 Victory of...

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