Question 4_StudyGuide

Question 4_StudyGuide - History 314 Final Study Guide...

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History 314 – Final Study Guide Question 4 4. Writing in the mid-1980s, historian John Lewis Gaddis referred to the Cold War as “the Long Peace” because of the absence of the direct military confrontation between the two superpowers and the relative stability in central and Eastern Europe. Taking into account the period 1945-1980, how valid do you consider this “Long Peace” description of the Cold War to be? Thesis: John Lewis Gaddis’ “Long Peace”, when understood in its intended context, offers a valid description of the Cold War. From the end of the Second World War in 1945 until the time of Gaddis’ article in the 1980’s the two superpowers did not directly fight one another in any major conflict. This period was characterized by high levels of fear from both superpowers as well as others over the ever-present possibility of devastating nuclear war. Yet major interstate war during this period was relatively uncommon. I. Gaddis’ Long Peace “stability” (according to Gaddis) – the high probability that the system retains all of its essential characteristics; that no single nation becomes dominant; that most of its members continue to survive; and that large scale war does not occur.” - Gaddis attempts to address why from 1945-1980 there has been no major war
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course HIST 3140 taught by Professor Logevall, f during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.

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Question 4_StudyGuide - History 314 Final Study Guide...

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