animal welfare presentation_Notes

animal welfare presentation_Notes - A Introduction to Horse...

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A) Introduction to Horse Transportation: Evolution: -Horses have been transported by boats for at least 3,500 yr (Cregier, 1982). -Transport by rail was very common during the middle to late 1800s -transport by trucks after World War II following the building of the interstate highway system and the development of more reliable trucks and trailers. -The 1960s and 1970s became known as the “trailer age” for horse transport (Cregier, 1982) -the 1980s and 1990s are sometimes referred to as the “air age” of horse transport due to the frequent use of large cargo aircraft. Currently: There are an estimated 6.9 million horses in the United States, and their owners spend an estimated $2.17 billion per year transporting those horses (American Horse Council, 1996). 72,120 horses transported to slaughter in 1998 (USDA, 1999). Continuous transport of slaughter horses for 30 h is common (Stull, 1999), and some trips last 36 h or longer. Public concern over the transport of horses going to slaughter was the driving force behind the Safe Commercial Transportation of Equine to Slaughter Act (§ 901–905) that was passed as part of the 1996 U.S. Farm Bill. Big issues: 1) Stress: Weight Loss and Dehydration very common with transporation: Weight loss and dehydration can be greatly reduced or stabilized after an initial weight loss by providing periodic watering on board the transport vehicle. 2) Orientation: There are a number of conflicting studies about this topic. The conclusion seems to be that: “Orientation either toward or away or diagonally from the direction of travel does not seem to significantly affect a horse’s ability to maintain its balance. Allowing horses the ability to raise and lower their heads or hind quarters and to take at least one step in any direction seems to be the most important factor in their compensating for changes in inertial forces.” Suppl/E32.pdf There 3) Density: Recent studies have found that moderate density is preferable. 4) Others? Temperature, food, water? Driver’s knowledge?
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Do you prefer a solid partition between stalls ? There seem to be theories to support each opinion. Those who do not advocate a solid
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course ANSC 3100 taught by Professor Cherney&regenstein during the Fall '08 term at Cornell.

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animal welfare presentation_Notes - A Introduction to Horse...

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