Final paper_Essay - Introduction The history of horse...

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Introduction The history of horse transportation is quite robust. For at least 3,500 years, horses have been transported by boats (Cregier, 1982). With the advent of the railroad, transport by rail became common during 19 th century. In World War II, transportation by truck supplanted railroads as the most common method of transport. In recent decades, following the building of the interstate highway system and the development of more reliable trucks and trailers, the 1960s and 1970s were known as the “trailer age” for horse transport (Cregier, 1982). While more recently in the 1980s and 1990s, horse transportation is referred to the “air age” due to the frequent use of large cargo aircraft to transport horses. Despite the array of issues surrounding the many modes of transport for horses, our research will focus solely on the use of trailers to transport horses. Even among trailers, variety of transport exists. Both single and double deck trailers are used in the transportation of horses. Although, our research will focus on the more prevalent and generally safer form of trailer, the single deck trailer. Within the use of a single deck trailer, horse welfare is dependent on a variety of factors. Some of these factors are more easily preventable and obvious than others. The issue of temperature, water, and duration of trip are three of the most controllable factors of horse transport. Adherences to guidelines on these factors are quite clear and should be obeyed at all times. Other factors however are not so clear. In particular, the orientation of horses during transport and the use of stalls during transport are two of the more complex factors that affect horse welfare during transport. Our study will look to study these two important factors. We hope to add to the literature the optimal strategy for horse transportation.
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Literature Review There are an estimated 6.9 million horses in the United States, and their owners spend an estimated $2.17 billion per year transporting those horses (American Horse Council, 1996). 72,120 horses transported to slaughter in 1998 (USDA, 1999). Continuous transport of slaughter horses for 30 h is common (Stull, 1999), and some trips last 36 h or longer. Public concern over the transport of horses going to slaughter was the driving force behind the Safe Commercial Transportation of Equine to Slaughter Act (§ 901–905) that was passed as part of the 1996 U.S. Farm Bill. For our research, we attempted to build upon previous studies. In particular, our interest in all of the aspects that contribute to horse welfare during transport was propelled from a study conducted by T.H. Friend and published in 2000 in the Journal of Animal Science. Hypotheses
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Final paper_Essay - Introduction The history of horse...

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