cog sci lec 2_Lecture_Notes - 9/4/2008 What is Cognitive...

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9/4/2008 1 INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE SCIENCE Psych 102/COGST 101/LING 170/PHIL 191/CS 101 What is Cognitive Science? Cognitive Science Philosophy Philosophy of mind Psychology Cognitive psychology neuroscience Cognitive neuroscience Linguistics Metal representation of language Computer Science Psycho- linguistics neuropsychology Computational neuroscience Formal logic Semantics What is the mind? Do minds exist, and if so what purpose do they serve? Dualism Views in which minds and bodies are separate entities Idealism Vies in which only the mind exists Materialism Views in which only the body exists Outline What is the mind? Most of the world believes that something continues to exist after the body dies Almost all world religions have a role for the immortal soul Most people believe that “something” will preserve the This belief seems to be as old as humankind Early written works show belief in a soul that exists after the body dies Neanderthals ritually buried their dead Role for the “person” after the body has died
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9/4/2008 2 I will remain agnostic on the existence of God and the soul as religious concepts Instead we will focus on the mind and what role it might play during a person’s lifetime Most of the world believes that a non-material mind The brain is a 3 pound pile that, processed chemically, is the equivalent of beef stew Contains neurons, electrical impulses, chemical messenger systems. .. Intuitively, brain and mind are qualitatively different How can this mixture of amino acids contain knowledge? How does it know that pi = 3.14159? Intuitively, the brain has properties that the mind cannot have What color is my knowledge of pi? How much does it weigh? If I jump on a trampoline, does my knowledge of pi also bounce up and down? My brain is finite, but pi is infinite. How does it fit? Consciousness: What is it like to eat a red apple? Consciousness: What is it like to taste a cup of good espresso? Consciousness: What is it like to be pricked with a pin?
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9/4/2008 3 Consciousness: What is it like to be in love? Consciousness: Is there something to experience that isn’t captured by what we know of the processes of perception, memory, dopamine release etc.? Is there something to
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cog sci lec 2_Lecture_Notes - 9/4/2008 What is Cognitive...

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