Final exam review_StudyGuide

Final exam review_StudyGuide - 16/02/200914:49:00...

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16/02/2009 14:49:00 Social Darwinism William Graham Sumner popularized Herbert Sencer’s writings in  America o States or society has no responsibility or chances for economic  acquisition o Puts moral value on individual selfishness o Everyone is isolated, responsible only to himself; if failure is  catastrophic, no one needs to help anyone else o State should not help because people unfit should not receive help,  natural conditions should not be made better o In free government you can never legitimate state intervention  o Society and state owes nothing to individual o Everyone has the right to their own labor (Lockean) o No one needs to help anyone else Lockean Liberalism and Social Darwinism o Is social Darwinism along the lines of Lockean Liberalism or is it a  perversion of Social Darwinism o Social Darwinism was source of imperialism  o (Read Jasiah Strong) Reactions to Social Darwinism Began around 1890’s.  Most significant was populism o Populism is a nostalgic response to Social Darwinism o People’s party
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o Challenge to business interests  o Party of reform in complete opposition of social Darwinists ideas of no  intervention o Imagined intervening state to give aid to less well to do o Jeffersonian, Jacksonian impulse o Language of conspiracy o Big industrialists were conspiring against laborers according to  populists o Argued for big, powerful, government, laissez-faire government o Progressive left aligned itself with state to help poor o “Fairer race of life”  o They are not socialists
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/19/2009 for the course GOVT 3665 taught by Professor Kramnick, i during the Fall '08 term at Cornell.

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Final exam review_StudyGuide - 16/02/200914:49:00...

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