gov 11_11_Notes - 16/02/200914:48:00...

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16/02/2009 14:48:00 I. Intellectuals on the Left Henry Demarest Loyd (1847-1903) o Wealth Against Commonwealth o Repudiated ideas of social Darwinism, competitive individualism, self  interest o Follows Fitzhugh critic of self interest o Most colorful rhetoric o Manifesto against monopolies  pg. 764, 766,767, 768 o Direct assault on social Darwinism, insisting it is mark of civilization to  resist strong and defend weak, reversing value system of social  Darwinism o Service to one’s fellow men, solidarity and cooperation, helping one  another, these replace self interest and competitionAdvocates of  socialism based upon new eithic of cooperation,  pg. 769, 770-772 o Lloyd active politically, socialist and involved in socialist circles and  populist party politics. Sought public ownership for means of  production and distribution. Bringing trade union into alliance with  farmer populists. Municipilization. Nationalization of railways,  advocated for cooperative commonwealth, where industrial factories  democratically governed by workers “worker control” Edward Belamy (1850-1898) and Socialist Utopia o Massachusetts journalist and novelist.  o Collectivist, socialist, no revolutionary tactics, assumed evolution would  come through peaceful change o Created nationalist clubs whose goal was nationalist control of industry o Emphasized national interest vs. sector interest o 1890s over 140 clubs to nationalize all industry and resources o Intellectual image of working class America, not at all connected to  working class movement o Vision of collectivist economy, socialist America 
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o Novel “Looking Backwards” 1858. Popular novel as one of few  important American utopian novels.  o Story of collectivist, socialist America where everyone has equal 
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gov 11_11_Notes - 16/02/200914:48:00...

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