rejects John Locke’s theories, believing they lead to something worse than slavery.
Brownson, through an explanation of problems with government and religion, explains
why the free market liberal system is faulty, although he sees Locke’s ideas as well
intentioned. In their outlines of the false promises of free market capitalism, they
consider the better alternative of feudalism. For Brownson and Fitzhugh, the presence of
social Darwinism allows a continuous suicide of the lower class in capitalism, while
slavery guarantees a subsistence level. Locke, though, claims that every man is entitled to
ownership of his own body, which slavery denies. Also, even though the north is more
competitive, Locke believes if the government allows one to own his own body and land,
the community will succeed together. Ultimately, Fitzhugh rejects Locke’s ideas about a
better society, while Brownson rejects liberal values about the free market and offers a
more populist, conservative stance.
George Fitzhugh’s absolute support of slavery and critique of capitalism stemmed
from the theory that liberty and equality was misguided and that the wage system was
more exploitative than the southern slave system. First, he says, “…We have conclusive
proof that liberty and equality have not conduced to enhance the comfort or the happiness
of the people,” (624). In fact, Fitzhugh claims, “…which free competition or liberty and
equality beget and encourage, is quite as oppressive, cruel and exterminating, as the war
of the sword, of theft, robbery, and murder, which it forbids,” (625).
liberty and equality as a phrase government uses to hide its components of the strong
oppressing the weak.
This theory follows Charles Darwin’s ideas about the social world. In Darwin’s
Dissent of Man
he says, “With savages, the weak in body or mind are soon eliminated;