gov lecture 10-2_Notes

gov lecture 10-2_Notes - Jeffersonianism II Jefferson as...

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Jeffersonianism II. Jefferson as Lockean Liberal III. The “Agrarian Ideal” IV. Jefferson as radical egalitarian democrat V. Jefferson and States Rights VI. Enlightenment Jefferson VII. Racist Jefferson - Jefferson something to everyone - Foundation of so much political thought, some contradictory - Radical liberal, egalitarian democrat at same time - American philosopher and racist I. Lockean Liberal a. Declaration of Independence – human being have rights, gov’t protects rights, if gov’t doesn’t do that can overthrow gov’t b. State of nature, natural rights, gov’t serving interest of people to protect rights c. Mystifying gov’t, simplifying gov’t as agent created by people to serve own interest d. Pg. 345 “The legitimate powers of gov’t extend to such acts as are injurious to others, but it does me no injury to my neighbors that there are twenty gods or no god, it neither breaks my leg…” e. Lockean image of limited gov’t, serving interests of property, security of property moral reward of hard work, own that which you work, extension of yourself f. Pg. 354 “with all these blessings what more is necessary to make us a happy and prosperous people…shall leave them otherwise free…a wise and frugal government…” g. Laissez faire them, gov’t leaves men alone, to morally realize themselves through hard work, most thriving when left free to individual enterprise h. Jefferson often read as anti-commercial, opposed to capitalist market society i. Pg. 352, 354 “equal rights to the use of our own faculties to the acquisitions of our own industry.” It is appropriate and moral that we are inquisitive. j. Modernizer, not an anti-commercial anti-capitalist, devotee of market societee, principally agrarian market society, principles of Adam smith k. Economic development through hard work, property owning and trading were keys to modern life. Hamilton saw economic growth, American materialism as essential to American power l. Jefferson linked American materialism to America development as moral nation, moral people m. Vision of a commercially farming America, grow into west n. Trading and owning property as source of unique American moral pressure, linked commercial and market society to an egalitarian society,
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hard working men would replace aristocrats born into privilege, power, anyone can make it if work hard, America born from talent not birth o. “There is not a crowned head in Europe who’s talents or e merits would entirely get him elected in smallish parish in America” II. Agrarian ideal a. Vast size of America allows us to be moral people, untamed land b. Echoes of lockean, puritan potential to subdue land, make it productive c. Locke suggested it was god who wanted us to subdue land d. Pg 347,8 one of most famous in American political thought, heart of agrarian vision, disdains American becoming nation of factories “those who labor in the earth of the chosen people of god, the farmer is the chosen of god if ever he had a chosen people…farmer is the virtuous
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2009 for the course GOVT 3665 taught by Professor Kramnick, i during the Fall '08 term at Cornell.

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gov lecture 10-2_Notes - Jeffersonianism II Jefferson as...

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