Essay #1_Outline - Prelim Review Hist 314 ESSAY: Describe...

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Prelim Review Hist 314 ESSAY: Describe Woodrow Wilson’s policy toward the belligerents in the period between the outbreak of war in 1914 and U.S. entry in 1917. Be sure to: discuss how “neutral” U.S. policy was; trace the development of American policy in the period; provide specific information to illustrate your arguments, including, where appropriate, information from the documents in the Merrill/Paterson book. Used: Lecture material, Sculzinger (Chapter 4), Merrill & Patterson: -“ From Peace to War: Progressive Internationalists Confront the Forces of Reaction ” by Thomas J. Knock -“ The Peace Advocate Out of Touch with Reality ” by Jan Wilhelm Schulte-Nordholt I. WWI officially broke out due to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, on June 28, 1914 by Serbians a. European powers were sucked in, but the US remained neutral (not yet a world super-power) i. Wilson’s first reaction: declaration of neutrality 1. Asked Americans to stay neutral “in thought as well as in deed” 2. Wilson thought war was the result of “competing alliances” in Europe 3. Insisted on right of Americans to trade with all belligerents 4. Insisted also on right of Americans to travel on ships anywhere, including the war zone (was this really necessary?) a. Secretary of state Bryan had differing views— thought US should remain more neutral than it was —leading to Bryan’s resignation in June 1915 II. Wilson’s Neutrality- How neutral was he?? a. One can argue that Wilson was never truly “neutral” i. Anglophile (lecture) 1. Had a soft spot for parliamentary style of government 2. Close relationship w/ British officials
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course HIST 3140 taught by Professor Logevall, f during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Essay #1_Outline - Prelim Review Hist 314 ESSAY: Describe...

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