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essay _ draft 4_Essay

essay _ draft 4_Essay - [Type text George Fitzhugh was a...

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[Type text] George Fitzhugh was a prominent southern slavery advocate and anti-capitalist. Within his most renowned works Sociology for the South and Cannibals All!, he argues that the free market society of the north is an abject failure, as evidenced by the assertion that liberty and equality have not improved the lives or happiness of people, evidenced by the mainstream of unhappiness, employment wars, increased crime, riots, strikes, and rebellion. He supports his viewpoint via recognition of the natural progression of nature towards perfection, the constant war of competition were the strongest survive. In his view, the purpose of government is to restrict this inherent conflict, “The question is, whether the proposed restrictions are sufficient to neutralize the self-destructive tendencies which nature impresses on society” (Anthology). Fitzhugh argues that a government that supports Laissez Faire and Social Darwinism is not neutralizing but supporting these self-destructive tendencies by enforcing social morals that are destructive and corrosive to society. He follows that the central law of a free society gives men only one option towards self improvement, improvement at the cost of others. Since all humans desire the highest principle and prosperity, a free market society is thus exceedingly selfish and oppressive. He foresees that under an unabated free market system Christian virtues of loving ones neighbor and unselfishness would be considered wasteful and eventually fade away, concluding that the pursuit of capital gains within a free market will only result in an overall moral decline. Fitzhugh observes that the strict competition within free market capitalism causes the employers to employ laborers as the lowest possible cost in order obtain the highest level of competition and capital gains. He postulates that because populations increase faster than capital formation, the amount of labor outnumbers the amount of available employment, so laborers compete for employment by underbidding one another. This creates a race to the bottom of the scale of workers’ wages and conditions. Without regulation this process will continue as long as employers desire high profit gains and laborers need work; it would continue on until wages are so low that workers are unable to afford poor houses, food, or life. “A half million died of hunger in one year in Ireland – they died because in the eye of the law they were equals, and liberty had made them enemies, of their landlords and employers” (Anthology).
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[Type text] In Fitzhugh’s view, a system of liberty and equity puts the entire weight of society onto its weakest individuals, the common man, the day laborers; the ones that need the most welfare are preyed upon. Free trade benefits only the wealthy, those with the accessibility and mobility to tap markets. Also the
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