FINAL study guide American Political Thought_StudyGuide

FINAL study guide American Political Thought_StudyGuide -...

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Super lThe Lockean Tradition & The Puritan Soul and American Ideals - Mark The >>>> Revolution Founding - Emily >>>> The Constitution and It's Critics - Joelle >>>> Visions of American Future - Alana >>>> Jacksonianism: Democracy and Opportunity - Adrienne >>>> Slavery, Equality, and Rights - Cara >>>> Social Darwinism, Capitalism, and Imperialism - Elsa >>>> Populism and Other Responses to Industrialism - Sarah >>>> The Progressive Impulse - Ben >>>> New Deal Liberalism - Liza >>>> The Sixties – Alex
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The Revolutionary Founding Of Loyalists and Citizens: The Political Theory of the Revolution I. The Lockean and Republican Schools of Though a. 1765-1776 — Revolutionary political thought begins to take direction using Lockean arguments i. Sam Adams borrows from Locke in his “Rights of the Colonists” (1772) in what Kramnick calls “vintage Locke” (108) 1. On religion: “In as much that Mr. Locke has asserted, and proved beyond the possibility of contradiction on any solid ground, that such toleration ought to be extended to all whose doctrines are not subversive of society” (109) 2. On natural rights of man: “In the state of nature, every man is under God, Judge and sole Judge, of his own rights and the inquiries done him … but he no more renounces his original right” (109) 3. On government rule: “Government was instituted for the purposes of common defense; and those who hold the reins of government have an equitable natural right to an honourable support from the same principle ‘that the labourer is worthy of his hire’ but then the same community which they serve, ought to be assessors of their pay” (110) 4. On religion: Adams claims the rights of the colonists as Christians can be found in a close reading of the New Testament — “By the Act of the British Parliament commonly called the Toleration Act, every subject in England except Papists was resorted to, and reestablished in, his natural right to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience” (111) 5. On the rights of the colonists: “Colonists are well entitled to all the essential rights, liberties and privileges of men and free men, born in Britain, is manifest, not only from the Colony charter, in general, but acts of the British Parliament” (112) b. There was also a contrary Republican political leaning at this time, which argued that Lockean thought placed too much emphasis on economic issues i. Colonists were motivated by civic spirit ii. British military was preventing colonies from governing themselves, living as free people iii. Revolution looked to ancient Greece and Rome for models of self-governance 1. Republican Greco-Roman thought is evident in Washington D.C. (busts of George Washington, architecture), and in the names of towns in new York (Ithaca, Rome) II. Anti-Revolutionary Thought: J. Boucher a. There were also those who opposed the Revolution and supported the British i. Some fled to Canada, some went back to Britain ii. Population of émigrés who left U.S. at this time was 5 times as gret as the
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/20/2009 for the course GOVT 3665 taught by Professor Kramnick, i during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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FINAL study guide American Political Thought_StudyGuide -...

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