gov lecture 11_13_Notes - 16/02/200914:46:00 Progressivism

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16/02/2009 14:46:00 Progressivism I. The Progressive Mind/Mood The successor movement to the populists 1900-1920 Succeeded in succession of great reform movements in response to great  reform movements and new deal Progressives never set up national organization/movement to direct or  coordinate politics Never really a progressive party Intellectuals, some politicians, clergy, professional people, high dose of social  workers Worked outside of politics through voluntary associations, universities,  occasionally politics Tried to influence local, state and national legislatures Influential in every aspect of American life, were not adherent to one party Progressives were reacting to growth of industrial capitalism, and to  unchecked growth of cities with poverty and millions of poor immigrants Tried to restore ideals of American past – characterized by nostalgia Predominantly middle class, successful because of individual achievement,  tried to restore America where single individual made the important decisions  in American life Not revolutionaries, sought to restore American values Believed in democracy, initiative, competition, property rights o Part of lockean consensus Called for extension of gov’t control , enemies of socialism Small increase in power of government to continue individual freedom Great faith in democracy, numerous plans for political reform, recapture  government as unholy alliance between corrupt businessmen and party  bosses Tremendous optimism, optimistic mood in progressives Believed individuals could govern themselves, govern economy, cities, if  every man could govern himself than society could govern itself Urged that citizens be able to participate more directly in gov’t, gap be  eliminated Backed reforms by populists, direct election of senators, direct primaries A different one from populists was women suffrage
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Enemies of progressivism was monopolies Moral perspective, good people sought to do good things, would create good  gov’t, good society II. Muckrakers, The Social Gospel and Urban Life Literary movement of muckraking  Series of writers came to be known as Muckrakers wrote about evils of life Exposure of evil corporations, mainly journalists, heavy dose of moral  outrage, sensationalist descriptions of money monopolies, business 
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gov lecture 11_13_Notes - 16/02/200914:46:00 Progressivism

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